Bibliometrics: new methods in the age of big data

Bibliometrics will be turning 100 next year. So it is not a new invention by well-known media companies and database producers; instead, it emerged from the notion of supporting librarians in their core task of literature selection and holding management. The basic idea and the approach of bibliometrics was the systematic evaluation of journal articles with regard to the literature used and cited. Nowadays, bibliometrics is an instrument for the investigation of objective publication data, which is often used as performance data.

Classical bibliometrics

Classical bibliometrics measures the number of papers published. The attempt to determine the quality and significance of the publications, however, is where it becomes trickier. Here, bibliometrics takes a straightforward route that is applied in practice to this day: a publication is all the more important the more it is perceived. Citation was selected as an indicator to quantify this perception: a publication that is frequently cited in other publications is an important paper; a publication that is not or rarely cited therefore less so.

New methodology of bibliometrics: usage metrics

Although the era of “classical” bibliometrics is not over, new methods are appearing that are bound to take over from the old approaches one day. After all, the publication of academic articles in electronic form, whether it be an article in a journal, an electronic book, a blogpost, a chat or a multimedia article in an undetermined media format, has long been an established form of academic communication and the distribution of knowledge. As a result, new bibliometric methods have developed.

“User metrics”, for instance, has a fundamentally different approach to classical citation bibliometrics. For the first time, it opens up the opportunity to no longer solely determine the significance of academic publications via the indirect inference of the citation rate, but rather enable a correlation between usage and importance. As a result, usage metrics opens up the possibility of establishing whether a publication has been downloaded, and determining and evaluating statistically the time the user spends in the document and the type of use (e.g. highlighting or copying). The forwarding of a document or its sharing with other on social media can also reveal a lot about the importance of an academic article.

Altmetrics – bibliometrics using big data technology

In the case of altmetrics ¹ the use and combination of all free web data and the application of big data technologies on the system of publications and their measurement lead to new insights:

 “Because the internet makes such information available all over the world and the technology has become second nature to us, the digital public can report on things, people, experiences and events in real time.” ²

Half of all academic articles from the European Union (EU) are freely available on the web. With the further development of freely accessible academic web contents on this side of the paywall, there have long been new possibilities to adjudge the significance of academic output increasingly, more directly and more accurately.

New challenges for bibliometrics

The development of a digital academic environment is much more than simply the use of a new medium on the transportation of old contents. It is a revolution in the system of knowledge acquisition, its communication and the evidence it yields.

The pursuit of the digital footprint, which all users leave on the web, will enable more detailed assertions than was the case for paper-based publications. Determining the number of (online) readers, comments, tags, bookmarks or entries on blogs or tweets suggests how much potential webometry will have with alternative metrics in future. The more data there is on scientists and their output in a wide range of forms, the easier it is to make assertions about the significance of publications and their copyright holders in an automated manner with the aid of algorithms.


Bibliometrics in the age of big data

In the future, algorithm systems will conjure truthful assertions from the colossal amounts of data on the web without the aid of bibliometrics specialists. They will emerge without someone painstakingly extracting, structuring or storing data beforehand. And without relational databases being filled with it and creating specific categories to sort it out again.

The amount of data on people and their assertions and performances on the web, such as the contents of websites, professional networks, social networks, blogs and chats, but also data from Smartphones and other mobile terminal devices, all the way to data from lifelogging systems, is ballooning. As a result, an increasingly clearer profile of the individual scientist emerges, which enables inferences to be drawn about his or her academic importance.

The individual indicators, which have been difficult to ascertain within the scope of classical bibliometrics thus far, therefore take a back seat as general profiling can lead to a far more accurate and comprehensive picture of a scientist’s capability, significance and work. The classical bibliometrics indicators will become obsolete and may be replaced with a digital “scientist score”: a value that automatically takes into account and combines all the available web data on a scientist


The publication “Bibliometrie im Zeitalter von Open und Big Data. Das Ende des klassischen Indikatorenkanons” by Rafael Ball was released in 2015 by the publisher Dinges und Frick. It is available from bookstores and can be ordered on the Knowledge Portal

¹ An article on altmetrics can be found on this blog here.

² Bunz, Mercedes: Die stille Revolution: wie Algorithmen Wissen, Arbeit, Öffentlichkeit und Politik verändern, ohne dabei viel Lärm zu machen. Berlin: Suhrkamp 2012, S. 145

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License.


DOI Link: 10.16911/ethz-ib-1917-en

  1. ปั้มไลค์
  2. SMS
  3. seo
  4. taşınabilir wifi
  5. müzik dinle
  6. müzik dinle
  7. edirne escort
  8. balıkesir escort bayan
  9. manisa escort
  10. İstanbul ankara nakliyat
  11. kamu personeli
  12. memur alımı
  13. Gorabet
  14. NTVsporbet
  15. malatya escort
  16. illuminati turkey
  17. Pursaklar Diş
  18. sakarya escort bayan
  19. malatya doktor
  20. how to tell if a rolex is fake
  21. Ce İşareti Belgesi
  22. özel diş kliniği pursaklar
  23. buy CBD
  24. kıbrıs gece hayatı
  25. siber güvenlik
  26. siber güvenlik
  27. curry 6 shoes
  28. nike lebron 17
  29. supreme new york
  30. hermes
  31. kobe shoes
  32. metin2 pvp serverler
  33. Metin2 pvp serverler blog
  34. izmir escort
  35. ferragamo belt
  36. christian louboutin shoes
  37. yeezy boost 350 v2
  38. rolex copy watches
  39. moncler
  40. Kurtköy escort
  41. kurtköy escort
  42. maltepe escort
  43. maltepe escort
  44. pendik escort
  45. pendik escort
  46. ultra boost
  47. off white
  48. a bathing ape
  49. jordan 6
  50. cheap jordans
  51. hermes belt
  52. kobe shoes
  53. maltepe escort
  54. Ataşehir escort
  55. lebron shoes
  56. ümraniye escort
  57. maltepe escort
  58. ataşehir escort
  59. ümraniye escort
  60. Sultanbeyli nakliye
  61. westbrook shoes
  62. golden goose sneakers
  63. yeezy supply
  64. kd 11
  65. lebron shoes
  66. kosembol
  67. kyrie 6
  68. jordan 13
  69. nike react
  70. sex videos
  71. jordan shoes
  72. balenciaga
  73. curry 7 shoes
  74. kosembol
  75. lebron james shoes
  76. kd12
  77. kosembol
  78. sabiha gökçen transfer
  79. Şehirler arası transfer
  80. balenciaga sneakers
  81. gelin arabası
  82. şehirler arası transfer
  83. Kentekenplaathouder
  84. Gelin arabası kiralama
  85. supreme
  86. Foto Galeriler
  87. stone island hoodie
  88. haberler
  89. bape hoodie
  90. istanbul escort
  91. istanbul escort
  92. pendik escort
  93. pendik escort
  94. şehirler arası nakliyat
  95. evden eve nakliyat
  96. balenciaga shoes
  97. bape clothing
  98. supreme clothing
  99. golden goose sneakers
  100. kyrie 5 shoes
  101. bape hoodie
  102. golden goose sneakers
  103. elicent
  104. balenciaga shoes
  105. balenciaga speed
  106. düşmeyen takipçi satın al
  107. ankara yol yardım
  108. ไฮโล
  109. longchamp
  110. adidas yeezy
  111. Hava Durumu
  112. Hava durumu
  113. giannis shoes
  114. adidas yeezy
  115. moncler jackets
  116. stephen curry shoes
  117. curry 6
  118. kd shoes
  119. kobe basketball shoes
  120. ankara oto kurtarma
  121. kyrie shoes
  122. kawhi leonard shoes
  123. this
  124. Cami halıları
  125. lebron 15
  126. Cami Halıları
  127. kd 12
  128. air jordan
  129. stone island
  130. off white
  131. jordan shoes
  132. supreme new york
  133. Canlı bahis siteleri
  134. Maç özetleri
  135. spongebob kyrie 5
  136. gerçek medyum
  137. supreme clothing
  138. click here
  139. civata
  140. seo
  141. filipinli bakıcı
  142. supreme clothing
  143. yeezy 500
  144. gerçek medyum
  145. civata
  146. filipinli bakıcı
  147. Bahis siteleri
  148. maç özetleri
  149. Kiralık bahis sitesi
  150. supreme
  151. 에비앙카지노
  152. yeezy 500
  153. jordan 11
  154. yeezy
  155. jordan 11
  156. jordan 4
  157. off white jordan 1
  158. cheap jordans
  159. golden goose shoes
  160. curry shoes
  161. 더킹카지노
  162. malatya
  163. supreme shirt
  164. kyrie 6
  165. balenciaga
  166. nike kyrie 6
  167. golden goose outlet
  168. longchamps
  169. yeezy shoes
  170. kyrie 5 shoes
  171. jordan shoes
  172. chrome hearts store
  173. off white nike
  174. supreme
  175. jordan retro
  176. moncler outlet
  177. beylikdüzü psikolog
  178. istanbul psikolog
  179. yeezy boost 350 v2
  180. moncler
  181. yeezy boost
  182. vrf klima
  183. Ankara web tasarım
  184. cami halısı
  185. pandora jewelry
  186. longchamp
  187. golden goose
  188. kd 13
  189. moncler outlet
  190. yeezy supply
  191. golden goose outlet
  192. curry 7 shoes
  193. lebron 17
  194. jordans
  195. nike shox for men
  196. golden goose sneakers
  197. off white hoodie
  198. goyard handbags
  199. nike lebron 15
  200. golden goose
  201. air yeezy
  202. calvin klein outlet
  203. supreme clothing
  204. golden goose sneakers
  205. wholesale panerai watches

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.